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Human Security Program
Trans-boundary water resources of Northeast Africa
Poverty Reduction strategy (PRSP) research and advocacy in the Horn of Africa
Non-State Actors and Cotonou agreement in Ethiopia
The Conflict Early Warning and Response Unit (CEWARN)
Human Security Conferences

 
 
 
 
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 Regional program:

 

Human Security Program

Objective

Inter Africa Group’s human security program will focus on broadening the concept of motional security to embrace human security.it will seek to develop human security concepts relevant to horn region, to broaden participation in the development of doctrines of security, to engage worth IGAD, AU and NEPAD, and to seek ways of promotion constitutional protection of human security.it will utilize combination of research and analysis, advocacy, consultation, networking capacity building to achieve these objectives.

Components of human security program:

  • Enhanced knowledge of man securities issues in the horn of Africa
  • Enhanced regional engagement on regional peace and security order
  • Research and information Network and program on the threat to human security of HIV/AIDS in the military in the horn
  • Culture of Dialogue Enhanced, Widened and Deepened
  • Enhanced contribution of IAD, the AU and NEPAD to human security in Northeast Africa

Enhanced knowledge of human security issues in the horn of Africa. Twelve quarterly briefing produced waver three yeas on human security.

Briefings produced over three years, on human security issues in the region, including country situation assessments and critical appraisal of peace-related initiatives. The 7-8 page briefing, with an initial circulation of 1,000 will be emailed to recipients, having an email address. Most receipts will be policy makers, official CSOs/networks, regional and international organization, academics, and individual activists with access to email. Others will receive hard copies by post. Briefings include governance issues, actual and potential cause of tensions and insecurity, and issues related to peace initiatives.

Enhanced regional engagement on regional peace and securities order: This project aims to conduct researches on requirements, opportunities and constraints to build a regional organization (IAD, AU, and NEPAD) and support to their efforts towards a regional peace and security order. The research will feed in to the follow-up to the recent Khartoum conference on peace and security in the region, and contribute to the outcome document to be submitted to the IGAD Heads of state in two years for their consideration and approval. The outcome of the project after three years will include:

  • Significant contributions to preparation of the above documents
  • Important contributions to ICAD’S preparation of regional peace and security order;
  • Inclusion of principles of human security; closer engsament of GAD eith AU and NEPAD; and increase emphasis at sub regional and country levels on compliance with principles of human security.

Research and information network and program on the threat to human security of HIV/AIDS in the military in the Horn: The program will be developed in the three stages, over three years, with the following outputs:

Year one

  • Establishment of a research and information network on HIV/ADIS, governance and security issues in the Horn of Africa comprising military health institutions, civil health and governance institution and implication and implication for governance. The network will focus on exchange of information and encouraging research to produce outputs including
  • A state of the art review of status of HIV/ADIS in military forces in the region by undertaking case studies of HIV/ADIS in the military in selected countries; HIV/ADIS and governance problems: and effectiveness of interventions in preventing or mitigating HIV/ADIS related governance problems.
  • In depth literature search and survey of existing socio-economic and poetical research into the impact of HIV/ADIS today, and comparative material from other economic crises, famines and epidemics
  •  Development of theoretical/comparative model for analyzing and monitoring the governance and national securities implication of the pandemic.    

Year two

  • publication of research and issue papers on the impact of HIV/AIDS on governance, peace and security
  • Publication of research and issue papers on the likely effectiveness of intervention to mitigate the governance, peace and security impact of HIV/AIDS.

Year three

  • Implement ting the monitoring program
  • Deepening the research follow up activities in line with findings of earlier research activities and consultations.
  • Strategies devised for mitigation of the governance, peace and security implications of the HIV/AIDS pandemic in military and security implementations.
  • More effective strategies to combat HIV/AIDS and its impacts in the sub region.  

The outcomes of the project over three years will include:

  • A regional research and information network on HIV/AIDS in the military and security institutions in the region, and the potentially serious threats posed to national and human security;
  • A monitoring program built around a monitoring tool developed by the network;
  • Enhanced understanding of the peace and securities implications of the HIV/AIDS pandemic among military forces in the region, and of the effectiveness of interventions in preventing or mitigating AIDS-related governance problems.

Research consultation and advocacy on constitutionalism and human security: This is a three-Year program of research and advocacy on constitutionalism, peace and human security in Horn of Africa based on information sharing and lesson learning across the construction(Kenya),revising existing ones (Sudan), or seeking more effective implementation of constitutions(Eritrea, Ethiopia).

The research program will the constitutional experience of the countries of the region, and identify key issues for their future constitution development in view of their needs for peace and their common commitment to the African Union (AU).The research program focused on the key issues of (i) security and emergency laws;(ii) Election and referendum laws;(iii) citizenship, ethnicity and group rights;(iv) constitutionalism, self self-determination and the African union; and (V) processes of constitution-drafting and implementation

The outputs of the project included    

  • Establishment of a research, information and advocacy network of institutions, academics and activists engaged in or concerned with the promotion of  constitutionalism as essential basis for peace and security
  • Four research papers (1 background paper and 3 issue papers on selected constitutionalism and peace, in years two and three.
  • Three small sub regional consultation over three years on constitutional development and implementation in the region
  • Development, publication and dissemination in the sub region of a body of practical, informed experience, including the research and papers from the three consultations that can help to stimulate future constitutional development in the region.

 Culture of Dialogue enhanced, widened and Deepened: National security: National securities debates on the components of national and human security in selected countries(Ethiopia, Sudan Uganda)will enhance understanding of key national and human security interest in the region: The three national security debates have the very important aim of brining discussions of national security issues into the public domain, and introducing wider definition of national security, that include human security into public debate in the region. These debates will high profile public events in each country, involving the news media. One national security debate will be held each year based on participation of governments to be negotiated by a coalition of CSOs. Underlying this is the concept that conflict is more easily avoided when each party knows what the other considers its vital security interest. Recent experience in the sub region of avoidable conflicts, demonstrates the key importance of such knowledge, and its potential to help in avoiding misconceptions that May contribute to conflict.

Enhanced contribution of IGAD, the Au and NPAD to human security in northeast Africa: The objectives of the program are to conduct:
  • A Study of human security in northeast Africa, its key requirements and the roles and potential contributions of the AU, IGAD and NEAD followed by a small regional consultation on human security in northeast Africa, held in year one will asses the current roles of the AU, IGAD and NEPAD in promoting human security at the regional and sub-regional levels, and examine the potential for enhancement of these roles. the substantive component of the consultation to be based on research papers commissioned by IAG on key components of human security in the sub region, the Khartoum Declaration leading to the establishment of the IGAD-civil society forum and AU and NEPAD policies. The recommendations of the study and consultation will be provided to the AU IGAD and NEPAD for consideration, and used for advocacy as appropriate.
  • A second regional consultation on human security in N.E. Africa in year three, will review human security status and needs, the contribution of AU, IGAD and NEPAD to human security in the sub region, and opportunities to further enhance those contributions. The participant of the consultations include representatives of AU, IGAD and NEPAD, senior policymakers and CSOs concerned with human security issues in the region.

Publications

See the publication of first conference report on constitutionalism.......

This publication is the outcome of the first of the series of conference planned under InterAfrica Grup (IAG) Program.